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Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Misremembering future intentions in methamphetamine dependent individuals.
Authors: Iudicello JE, Weber E, Dawson M, Grant I, Weinborn M, Woods SP, and the HNRC Group
Year: 2011
Publication: The Clinical Neuropsychologist
Volume: 25 Issue: Pages: 269-286
Abstract:Methamphetamine (MA) dependence is associated with neural abnormalities (e.g., frontal systems neurotoxicity) and corresponding cognitive deficits, including impairment in episodic memory and executive functions. This study evaluated the hypothesis that MA use is associated with impairment in memory for intentions, or prospective memory (ProM), which is an ecologically relevant aspect of episodic memory that involves the execution of a previously encoded intention at an appropriate moment in the future and is known to rely on frontal systems integrity. Thirty-nine MA-dependent individuals and 26 demographically similar non-MA-using comparison subjects were administered the Memory for Intentions Screening Test (MIST). The MA group performed significantly lower than the comparison participants on overall ProM, an effect that could not be better explained by demographics, psychiatric factors, infectious disease comorbidity, or other substance use disorders. The ProM impairment observed in the MA group was comparable on time- and event-based tasks and was marked by an increased rate of task substitution (i.e., intrusions) and loss of time (e.g., early responding) errors. Within the MA cohort, ProM impairment was associated with executive dysfunction and earlier age at first MA use. Findings suggest that individuals with MA dependence experience difficulty in the strategic components involved in the retrieval of future intentions and are discussed with regard to their implications for everyday functioning.

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