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Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Depression and executive dysfunction contribute to a metamemory deficit among individuals with methamphetamine use disorders.
Authors: Casaletto KB, Obermeit L, Morgan EE, Weber E, Franklin DR, Grant I, Woods SP; the TMARC Group
Year: 2015
Publication: Addictive Behaviors
Volume: 40 Issue: Pages: 45-50
Abstract:Objective: Chronic methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with moderate deficits in learning and memory, but the extend to which MA users are aware of such memory deficits (i.e., metamemory) is not known. Methods: In the current study, 195 participants with lifetime MA use diagnoses (MA +) and 195 non-MA-using comparison subjects (MA -) underwent comprehensive neuropsychiatry research assessments, including performance-based and self-report measures of episodic memory. Results: MA use disorders, major depressive disorder (MDD), and their interaction were uniquely associated with metamemory functioning, such that MDD increased the likelihood of a metamemory deficit among MA + participants. Within the MA group, individuals who over-estimated their memory abilities demonstrated greater executive dysfunction and lower cognitive reserve. Conclusions: Chronic MA use is associated with reduced awareness of objective deficits in memory acquisition and recall, which is particularly exacerbated by the presence of major depression. Efforts to enhance metamemory accuracy and deployment of compensatory mnemonic strategies may benefit substance abuse treatment outcomes.

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