Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: HIV transgenic rats demonstrate impaired sensorimotor gating, but are insensitive to cannabinoid (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)-induced deficits.
Authors: Roberts BZ, Minassian A, Halberstadt AL, He YV, Chatha M, Geyer MA, Grant I, Young JW
Year: 2021
Publication: The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume: 24 Issue: 11 Pages: 894-906
Abstract:HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND) is commonly observed in persons living with HIV (PWH), and is characterized by cognitive deficits implicating disruptions of fronto-striatal neurocircuitry. Such circuitry is also susceptible to alteration by cannabis and other drugs of abuse. PWH use cannabis at much higher rates than the general population, thus prioritizing the characterization of any interactions between HIV and cannabinoids on cognitively relevant systems. Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle response, the process by which the motor response to a startling stimulus is attenuated by perception of a preceding non-startling stimulus, is an operational assay of fronto-striatal circuit integrity that is translatable across species. PPI is reduced in PWH. The HIV transgenic (HIVtg) rat model of HIV infection mimics numerous aspects of HAND, although to date the PPI deficit observed in PWH has yet to be fully recreated in these animals.

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