Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition during recent HIV infection does not influence plasma HIV levels.
Authors: Cachay ER, Frost SD, Poon AF, Looney D, Rostami SM, Pacold ME, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM
Year: 2008
Publication: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume: 47 Issue: 5 Pages: 592-596
Abstract:We assessed the effect of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) acquisition on the plasma HIV RNA and CD4 cell levels among individuals with primary HIV infection using a retrospective cohort analysis. We studied 119 adult, antiretroviral-naive, recently HIV-infected men with a negative HSV-2-specific enzyme immunoassay (EIA) result at enrollment. HSV-2 acquisition was determined by seroconversion on HSV-2 EIA, confirmed by Western blot analysis. Ten men acquired HSV-2 infection a median of 1.3 years after HIV infection (HSV-2 incidence rate of 7.4 per 100 person-years of follow-up). The median time of follow-up after acquiring HSV-2 infection was 303 days. All men except 1 were asymptomatic during HSV-2 acquisition, and only 1 HSV-2 seroconverter, who was asymptomatic, had a transient increase in blood HIV load (0.5 log10 copies/mL over 11 days). The HSV-2 incidence rate was high in our cohort of recently HIV-infected individuals; however, HSV-2 acquisition did not significantly change the plasma HIV dynamics and CD4 cell levels.

return to publications listing