Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: The semantic relatedness of cue-intention pairings influences prospective memory failures in older adults with HIV infection.
Authors: Woods SP, Dawson M, Weber E, Grant I, and the HNRC Group
Year: 2010
Publication: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume: 32 Issue: Pages: 398-407
Abstract:HIV infection and aging are each independently associated with prospective memory (ProM) impairment, which increases the risk of poor functional outcomes, including medication non-adherence. The incidence and prevalence of HIV infection among older adults has increased in recent years, thereby raising questions about the combined effects of these risk factors on ProM. In the present study, 118 participants were classified into four groups on the basis of HIV serostatus and age (i.e., <or=40 years and >or=50 years). Results showed significant additive effects of HIV and aging on event-based ProM, with the greatest deficits evident in the older HIV+ group, even after controlling for other demographic factors and potential medical and psychiatric confounds. Event-based ProM impairment was particularly apparent in the older HIV+ group on trials for which the retrieval cue and intention were not semantically related. Worse performance on the semantically unrelated cue-intention trials was associated with executive dysfunction, older age, and histories of immunocompromise in the older HIV+ cohort. These data suggest that older HIV-infected adults are significantly less proficient at engaging the strategic encoding and retrieval processes required to a execute a future intention when the cue is unrelated to the intended action, perhaps secondary to greater neuropathological burden in the prefrontostriatal systems critical to optimal ProM functioning.

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