Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Detection of HIV-1 in alternate specimen types using the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA qualitative assay.
Authors: Nugent CT, Dockter J, Bernardin F, Hecht R, Smith D, Delwart E, Pilcher C, Richman D, Busch M, Giachetti C
Year: 2009
Publication: Journal of Virological Methods
Volume: 159 Issue: 1 Pages: 10-14
Abstract:Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), saliva, seminal plasma, and dried blood spots were evaluated as specimen types for the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative Assay (APTIMA HIV-1 Assay), which employs a target capture step to recover HIV-1-specific sequences from complex specimen types. Analytical sensitivity studies were carried out using samples that were either diluted or eluted with a buffered detergent and spiked with different concentrations of HIV-1 ranging from 1 to 10,000 copies/mL. PBMC samples spiked with HIV-1 had comparable analytical sensitivity to HIV-1 spiked plasma with a 95% limit of detection of 13.1 and 17.2 copies/mL, respectively. Analytical sensitivity in seminal plasma specimens diluted 1:5 and saliva diluted 1:2 was comparable to HIV-1 spiked dilution buffer alone. Whole blood and dried blood spot specimens spiked with HIV-1 had equivalent reactivity at 250 copies/spot (5000 copies/mL). However, the 95% limit of detection values were significantly different (293.7 copies/mL for whole blood and 2384 copies/mL for dried blood spot specimens). No significant effect on analytical sensitivity was observed when one HIV-1 positive dried blood spot punch was pooled with up to 9 HIV-1 negative dried blood spot punches. Together, these studies demonstrate that the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative Assay can be used to process a diverse array of specimen types with minimal impact on analytical sensitivity for most specimen types.

return to publications listing