Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: The role of prospective memory in medication adherence: a review of an emerging literature.
Authors: Zogg JB, Woods SP, Sauceda JA, Wiebe JS, Simoni JM
Year: 2012
Publication: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-62
Abstract:Although neurocognitive impairment is an established risk factor for medication nonadherence, standard neurocognitive tests developed for clinical purposes may not fully capture the complexities of non-adherence behavior or effectively inform theory-driven interventions. Prospective memory, an innovative cognitive construct describing one's ability to remember to do something at a later time, is an understudied factor in the detection and remediation of medication non-adherence. This review orients researchers to the construct of prospective memory, summarizes empirical evidence for prospective memory as a risk factor for non-adherence, discusses the relative merits of current measurement techniques, and highlights potential prospective memory-focused intervention strategies. A comprehensive literature review was conducted of published empirical studies investigating prospective memory and medication adherence. Overall, reviewed studies suggest that prospective memory is an important component of medication adherence, providing incremental ecological validity over established predictors. Findings indicate that prospective memory-based interventions might be an effective means of improving adherence.

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