Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Relationship between retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and driving ability in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection.
Authors: Cheng S, Klein H, Bartsch D, Kozak I, Marcotte TD, Freeman WR
Year: 2011
Publication: Graefe''s Archive for Clinical And Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Fur Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie
Volume: 249 Issue: 11 Pages: 1643-1647
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to study the possible association between retinal nerve fiber layer (NFL) thickness and driving ability. METHODS: Thirty-eight drivers including 22 HIV-positive (HIV+) and 16 age-matched HIV-negative controls participants underwent a full ophthalmologic evaluation, including assessment of retinal NFL thickness. In the undilated state with standard optical correction and under standard illumination they also completed a computer-based, wide field-of-view driving simulation in which they were to obey traffic laws, engage in crash avoidance, and pass slower automobiles. Crashes, speeding and traffic light tickets, and off-road excursions contributed to a weighted score of driving errors. RESULTS: HIV-seropositive participants had a significantly higher weighted error score than control participants (18.4 [9.2] vs. 11.1 [4.5], p = 0.006). NFL thickness was significantly correlated with driving errors (r = -0.51, p = 0.025); there was a trend for participants with a CD4 nadir <100 to have more errors than those with a nadir >100 (29.7 [13.2] vs. 19.3 [8.4], p = 0.056). The highest number of driving errors occurred in individuals with both CD4 <100 and NFL thickness <80. CONCLUSIONS: Driving ability may be impacted by reductions in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness. Physicians should consider the potential impact that more complex ophthalmologic conditions in HIV-infected patients may have on driving performance.

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