Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Does older age confer an increased risk of incident neurocognitive disorders among persons living with HIV disease?
Authors: Sheppard DP, Woods SP, Bondi MW, Gilbert PE, Massman PJ, Doyle KL
Year: 2015
Publication: The Clinical Neuropsychologist
Volume: 29 Issue: 5 Pages: 656-77
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the combined effects of age and HIV infection on the risk of incident neurocognitive disorders. METHOD: A total of 146 neurocognitively normal participants were enrolled at baseline into one of four groups based on age (≤40 years and ≥50 years) and HIV serostatus resulting in 24 younger HIV-, 27 younger HIV+, 39 older HIV-, and 56 older HIV+ individuals. All participants were administered a standardized clinical neuropsychological battery at baseline and 14.3 ± .2 months later. RESULTS: A logistic regression predicting incident neurocognitive disorders from HIV, age group, and their interaction was significant (χ(2)[4] = 13.56, p = .009), with a significant main effect of HIV serostatus (χ(2)[1] = 5.01, p = .025), but no main effect of age or age by HIV interaction (ps > .10). Specifically, 15.7% of the HIV+ individuals had an incident neurocognitive disorder as compared to 3.2% of the HIV- group (odds ratio = 4.8 [1.2, 32.6]). Among older HIV+ adults, lower baseline cognitive reserve, prospective memory, and verbal fluency each predicted incident neurocognitive disorders at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Independent of age, HIV infection confers a nearly fivefold risk for developing a neurocognitive disorder over approximately one year. Individuals with lower cognitive reserve and mild weaknesses in higher-order neurocognitive functions may be targeted for closer clinical monitoring and preventative measures.

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