Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Verbal Episodic Memory profiles in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND): A comparison with Huntington's Disease and Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.
Authors: Doyle K, Woods S, McDonald C, Leyden K, Holden H, Morgan E, Gilbert P, Corey-Bloom J
Year: 2019
Publication: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Volume: 1 Issue: Pages: 17-27
Abstract:HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) commonly feature verbal episodic memory impairment historically characterized by a retrieval deficit, consistent with a classic "subcortical" presentation; however, there are hints of a subtle shift toward a more "cortical" memory profile characterized by a primary encoding deficit. The current study evaluated this possibility by comparing the pattern of HAND-associated verbal episodic memory deficits to those of traditional "subcortical" (i.e., Huntington's disease; HD) versus "cortical" (i.e., left temporal lobe epilepsy with mesial temporal sclerosis; L-MTLE) profiles. Seventy-seven individuals with HAND, 47 individuals with HD, 21 individuals with L-MTLE, and 45 healthy participants were administered the California Verbal Learning Test - 2(nd) Edition (CVLT-II). CVLT-II profiles were classified as reflecting a primary encoding deficit, retrieval deficit, or a normal profile. Among participants with a deficit profile, the HAND group showed the highest rates of retrieval versus encoding profiles (71% vs. 29%), followed by HD (59% vs. 41%), L-MTLE (46% vs. 54%), and healthy (50% vs. 50%) groups. While significant profile heterogeneity was observed across clinical groups, findings suggest that HIV-associated verbal episodic memory impairments are most consistent with a traditional "subcortical," retrieval deficit profile, consistent with the primary frontostriatal neuropathogenesis of HIV disease.

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