Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Biomarkers of neuronal injury and amyloid metabolism in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients infected with HIV-1 Subtypes B and C.
Authors: de Almeida SM, Ribeiro CE, Rotta I, Piovesan M, Tang B, Vaida F, Raboni SM, Letendre S, Potter M, Batistela FMS, Ellis RJ
Year: 2018
Publication: Journal of Neurovirology
Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 28-40
Abstract:Based on prior reports that the HIV-1 Tat protein modulates amyloid-beta (Aβ) metabolism, this study aimed to compare CSF neural injury biomarkers between 27 patients with HIV subtype B, 26 patients with HIV subtype C, 18 healthy HIV-negative controls, and 24 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Immunoassays were used to measure soluble amyloid precursor protein α and β (sAPPα, sAPPβ), Aβ oligomers 38, 40, 42, and Aβ-total; phosphorylated tau (P-tau181), and total tau (T-tau). Comparisons between HIV(+) and HIV(-) (including AD) were adjusted by linear regression for gender and age; HIV subtype comparisons were adjusted for nadir CD4 and plasma viral load suppression. The p values were corrected for multiple testing with the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure. CSF Aβ-42 and Hulstaert (P-tau181) index were lower in HIV1-C than B (p = 0.03, and 0.049 respectively); subtypes did not differ on other CSF biomarkers or ratios. Compared to AD, HIV(+) had lower CSF levels of T-tau, P-tau181 (p < 0.001), and sAPPα (p = 0.041); HIV(+) had higher CSF Aβ-42 (p = 0.002) and higher CSF indexes: [Aß-42/(240 + 1.18 T-tau)], P-tau181/Aβ-42, T-tau/Aβ-42, P-tau181/T-tau, sAPPα/β (all p ≤ 0.01) than AD. Compared to HIV(-), HIV(+) had lower CSF Aβ-42, and T-tau (all p ≤ 0.004). As conclusion, amyloid metabolism was influenced by HIV infection in a subtype-dependent manner. Aß-42 levels were lower in HIV1-C than B, suggesting that there may be greater deposition of Aß-42 in HIV1-C. These findings are supported by CSF Hulstaert (P-tau181) index. Differences between HIV and AD in the patterns of Aß and Tau biomarkers suggest that CNS HIV infection and AD may not share some of same mechanisms of neuronal injury.

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