Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Occult HBV infection in HIV infected adults and evaluation of pooled NAT for HBV.
Authors: Dinesha TR, Boobalan J, Sivamalar S, Subashini D, Solomon SS, Murugavel KG, Balakrishnan P, Smith DM, Saravanan S
Year: 2018
Publication: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Volume: 25 Issue: 6 Pages: 718-723
Abstract:The study aimed to determine the prevalence of occult Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among HIV infected persons, and to evaluate the use of a pooling strategy to detect occult HBV infection in the setting of HIV infection. Five hundred and two HIV positive individuals were tested for HBV, occult HBV, and Hepatitis C and D with serologic and nucleic acid testing (NAT). We also evaluated a pooled NAT strategy for screening occult HBV infection among the HIV-positive individuals. The prevalence of HBV infection among HIV positive individuals was 32 (6.4%) and occult HBV prevalence was 10%. The pooling HBV NAT had a sensitivity of 66.7% and specificity of 100%, compared to HBV DNA NAT of individual samples. In conclusion, this study found a high prevalence of occult HBV infection among our HIV infected population. We also demonstrated that pooled HBV NAT is highly specific, moderately sensitive and cost-effective. Since conventional HBV viral load assays are expensive in resource-limited settings such as India, pooled HBV DNA NAT might be a good way for detecting occult HBV infection and will reduce HBV associated complications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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