Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Multi-site evaluation of community-based efforts to improve engagement in HIV care among populations disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States.
Authors: Raj A, Yore J, Urada L, Triplett DP, Vaida F, Smith LR
Year: 2018
Publication: AIDS Patient Care And STDs
Volume: 32 Issue: 11 Pages: 438-449
Abstract:This study assesses effects of a community-based intervention across seven sites in the United States on HIV care utilization and study retention, among people living with HIV (PLWH). A two-armed study was conducted from 2013 to 2016 in each of seven community-based agencies across the United States. Each site conducted interventions involving community engagement approaches in the form of case management or patient navigation. Control conditions were standard of care involving referral to HIV clinical care. Participants (N = 583) were adults reporting erratic or no HIV care in the past 6 months. Longitudinal survey data on demographics, behavioral risks, and HIV care were collected from participants at baseline, before service delivery, and at 6-month follow-up. Unadjusted and adjusted generalized linear mixed models were used to assess the intervention effects on HIV care utilization and study retention. Participants were majority black (75.5%), cisgender male (55.1%), and heterosexual (55.4%). No significant intervention effect was observed on HIV care utilization, although both groups improved significantly over time [adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 2.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30-3.37]. Intervention participants were more likely to be retained in the study (AOR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.03-2.20). Community intervention did not affect HIV care utilization more than standard of care, but intervention participants were more likely to be retained in the study, suggesting that such approaches support relationship building in ways that can facilitate follow-up of socially vulnerable PLWH. More research is needed to understand how such community efforts can support better HIV care utilization in these populations.

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