Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Soluble CD14 is subtype-dependent in serum but not in cerebrospinal fluid in people with HIV.
Authors: de Almeida SM, Tang B, Vaida F, Letendre S, Ellis RJ, HNRC Group
Year: 2022
Publication: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Volume: 366 Issue: Pages: 577845
Abstract:Monocytes and macrophages activation are crucial in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) central nervous system (CNS) infection and HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) pathogenesis. The soluble form of CD14 (sCD14) is a marker of monocyte activation. We hypothesized that sCD14 levels would be lower in people with HIV-1 subtype C (HIV-1C) than in HIV-1B owing to a variant Tat cysteine dimotif (C30S31) with reduced chemotactic activity. A total of 68 paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood samples from people with HIV (PWH); 27 samples of the HIV-1B subtype and 40 of the non-B HIV-1 subtypes (including 26,HIV-1C), and 18 HIV-negative controls were included. sCD14 levels were quantified using a high-sensitivity enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. sCD14 increase in serum, but not in CSF, was higher in samples from HIV-1B than HIV-1C (p = 0.002; Cohen's d, 0.7). CSF or serum sCD14 values were not correlated with global deficit score or specific cognitive domains. The impact of HIV-1 on monocyte stimulation biomarkers evaluated by sCD14 in serum was subtype-dependent, higher in HIV-1B than HIV-1C, consistent with reduced chemotactic activity as hypothesized.

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