Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Signatures of HIV and major depressive disorder in the plasma microbiome.
Authors: Taylor BC, Sheikh AM, Wandro S, Weldon KC, Sepich-Poore GD, Carpenter CS, Fraraccio S, Franklin Do, Iudicello JE, Letendre S, Gianella S, Grant I, Ellis RJ, Heaton RK, Knight R, Swafford AD
Year: 2023
Publication: Microorganisms
Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1022
Abstract:Inter-individual differences in the gut microbiome are linked to alterations in inflammation and blood-brain barrier permeability, which may increase the risk of depression in people with HIV (PWH). The microbiome profile of blood, which is considered by many to be typically sterile, remains largely unexplored. We aimed to characterize the blood plasma microbiome composition and assess its association with major depressive disorder (MDD) in PWH and people without HIV (PWoH). In this cross-sectional, observational cohort, we used shallow-shotgun metagenomic sequencing to characterize the plasma microbiome of 151 participants (84 PWH and 67 PWoH), all of whom underwent a comprehensive neuropsychiatric assessment. The microbial composition did not differ between PWH and PWoH or between participants with MDD and those without it. Using the songbird model, we computed the log ratio of the highest and lowest 30% of the ranked classes associated with HIV and MDD. We found that HIV infection and lifetime MDD were enriched in a set of differentially abundant inflammatory classes, such as Flavobacteria and Nitrospira. Our results suggest that the circulating plasma microbiome may increase the risk of MDD related to dysbiosis-induced inflammation in PWH. If confirmed, these findings may indicate new biological mechanisms that could be targeted to improve treatment of MDD in PWH.

return to publications listing