Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Alzheimer's Disease pathology in middle aged and older people with HIV: Comparisons with non-HIV controls on a healthy aging and Alzheimer's Disease trajectory and relationships with cognitive function.
Authors: Sundermann EE, Campbell LM, Villers O, Bondi MW, Gouaux B, Salmon DP, Galasko D, Soontornniyomkij V, Ellis RJ, Moore DJ
Year: 2023
Publication: Viruses
Volume: 15 Issue: 6 Pages: 1319
Abstract:We determined the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathological hallmarks, amyloid-β and phosphorylated-Tau, in autopsied brains of 49 people with HIV (PWH) (ages: 50-68; mean age = 57.0) from the National NeuroAIDS Tissue Consortium and in a comparative cohort of 55 people without HIV (PWoH) from the UC San Diego Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (17 controls, 14 mild cognitive impairment, 24 AD; ages: 70-102, mean age = 88.7). We examined how AD pathology relates to domain-specific cognitive functions in PWH overall and in sex-stratified samples. Amyloid-β and phosphorylated-Tau positivity (presence of pathology of any type/density) was determined via immunohistochemistry in AD-sensitive brain regions. Among PWH, amyloid-β positivity ranged from 19% (hippocampus) to 41% (frontal neocortex), and phosphorylated-Tau positivity ranged from 47% (entorhinal cortex) to 73% (transentorhinal cortex). Generally, AD pathology was significantly less prevalent, and less severe when present, in PWH versus PWoH regardless of cognitive status. Among PWH, positivity for AD pathology related most consistently to memory-related domains. Positivity for p-Tau pathology related to memory-related domains in women with HIV only, although the sample size of women with HIV was small (n = 10). Results indicate that AD pathology is present in a sizable portion of middle aged and older PWH, although not to the extent in older PWoH. Studies with better age-matched PWoH are needed to examine the effect of HIV status on AD pathology.

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