Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: MR detection of white matter disease of the brain in patients with HIV infection: fast spin-echo vs conventional spin-echo pulse sequences.
Authors: Olson EM, Healy JF, Wong WH, Youmans DC, Hesselink JR
Contact: Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center 92103-8756.
Year: 1994
Publication: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Volume: 162 Issue: 5 Pages: 1199-204
Abstract:OBJECTIVE. Although fast spin-echo images and slower spin-echo images have similar contrast characteristics, the two techniques have not yet been shown to be equivalent in all aspects of brain imaging. To determine if the two sequences are equivalent, we compared detection of white matter lesions, image quality, and artifact degradation on fast spin-echo and spin-echo proton density-weighted and T2-weighted MR images of the brain in prospectively selected patients who were seropositive for HIV. SUBJECTS ANDMETHODS. Fast spin-echo and spin-echo MR images of the brain were obtained in 153 consecutive subjects. The images were reviewed independently by three experienced neuroradiologists. The size, number, and location of white matter lesions were compared for the two techniques. Image quality, motion artifact, CSF flow artifact, and gray-white matter differentiation were graded on a five-point scale. RESULTS. No statistical difference was found in gray-white matter differentiation. Overall image quality, CSF flow artifacts, and motion artifacts were slightly worse on the fast spin-echo images (p<.05). Although some variability existed in the detection of lesions less than 5 mm in diameter, the differences was small, and all larger lesions were detected by both techniques. Agreement between fast spin-echo and conventional spin-echo techniques was nearly exact with respect to characterizing findings in brain as either normal or abnormal. CONCLUSIONS. Fast spin-echo and spin-echo MR of the brain produce images of similar quality and show white matter lesions equally well. These results support the replacement of slower, conventional spin-echo pulse sequences with faster fast spin-echo sequences.
Keywords: AIDS Dementia Complex, Adult, Artifacts, Brain, Comparative Study, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies

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