Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Neocortical damage during HIV infection.
Authors: Wiley CA, Masliah E, Morey M, Lemere C, de Teresa R, Grafe M, Hansen L, Terry R
Contact: Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0612.
Year: 1991
Publication: Annals of Neurology
Volume: 29 Issue: 6 Pages: 651-7
Abstract:Clinical and pathological evidence of subcortical central nervous system (CNS) damage is observed commonly in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encephalitis. Whether other CNS regions are also affected has not been well studied. We report neocortical damage in patients with HIV encephalitis. Using quantitative techniques, we demonstrate statistically significant thinning of the neocortex, with a loss of large cortical neurons. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of neocortical neuropil reveal a loss of synaptic density and vacuolation of dendritic processes. Failure to demonstrate an association of these changes with the presence of HIV antigens suggests that neocortical damage may be an indirect effect of HIV infection of the CNS
Funding: NIMH:MH MH43298, NIMH:MH MH45294, NINDS:NS NS-25178
Keywords: AIDS Dementia Complex, Atrophy, Biological Markers, Cerebral Cortex, Encephalitis, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein, HIV, HIV Envelope Protein gp41, HIV Infections, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S., Synaptophysin

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