Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: The impact of HIV-associated neuropsychological impairment on everyday functioning.
Authors: Heaton RK, Marcotte TD, Mindt MR, Sadek J, Moore DJ, Bentley H, McCutchan JA, Reicks C, Grant I, and the HNRC Group
Contact: Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Diego, and VA San Diego Health Care System, La Jolla, 92093-0603, USA.
Year: 2004
Publication: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS
Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 317-31
Abstract:HIV-1 infection can be associated with neuropsychological (NP) deficits ranging from subtle to severe. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional, or "real-world" impact of HIV-associated NP impairment in a group of 267 HIV-infected participants. All participants received comprehensive NP, neuromedical, and standardized functional evaluations that included laboratory measures of shopping, cooking, financial management, medication management and vocational abilities. Compared to NP-normal participants, those with NP impairment performed significantly worse on all laboratory measures of everyday functioning. Multivariate analyses revealed that the NP ability domains of Abstraction/Executive Function, Learning, Attention/Working Memory and Verbal abilities most strongly and consistently predicted failures on the functional battery. Both NP impairment and impairment on the functional battery were significantly associated with subjective experiences of cognitive difficulties, as well as unemployment and increased dependence in activities of daily living; multivariate prediction models that also considered depressed mood and biological measures of disease progression revealed that impairment on the functional battery and depression were the only unique predictors of all three indicators of "real-world" functioning. The current results add to growing evidence concerning the clinical significance of HIV-associated NP impairment. Objective, laboratory based functional measures, such as those used here, may compliment NP testing in future studies directed at understanding the impact on life quality of central nervous system disorders and their treatments. Finally, there is a need for additional research investigating the apparently independent effect of depression on level of everyday functioning in HIV infected persons.
Funding: NIMH:MH MH57266, NIDA:DA P1 DA 12065, NIMH:MH P50 MH45294, NIMH:MH R01 MH57226-03
Keywords: Activities of Daily Living, Adult, Analysis of Variance, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Chi-Square Distribution, Cognition Disorders, Comparative Study, Employment, Female, HIV Infections, HIV Seropositivity, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Neurologic Examination, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Research Support, U.S. Gov''t, P.H.S.

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