Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Action (verb) fluency predicts dependence in instrumental activities of daily living in persons infected with HIV-1.
Authors: Woods SP, Morgan EE, Dawson M, Scott CJ, Grant I, and the HNRC Group
Contact: Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA.
Year: 2006
Publication: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume: 28 Issue: 6 Pages: 1030-42
Abstract:Inspired by the hypothesized neural dissociation between the retrieval of nouns and verbs, several studies now support the construct validity of Action (verb) Fluency as a measure of frontostriatal systems function. Relative to traditional noun- and letter-cued verbal fluency tests, Action Fluency is more sensitive to HIV-1-associated neuropsychological impairment, which may reflect inefficiencies engaging motor representations during action retrieval in this population. Accordingly, impaired Action Fluency might adversely impact instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) by disrupting the production and organization of script-based action schemas upon which successful IADL performance depends. The present study thus sought to evaluate the ecological validity of Action Fluency as a predictor of IADL among persons with HIV-1 infection. Action, Letter (FAS), and Noun (animal) fluency were compared in 21 HIV-1-infected participants with self-reported IADL dependence relative to 76 demographically comparable HIV-1-infected participants who reported no IADL declines. Results revealed significant between-group differences in Action and Letter Fluency, but not Noun Fluency. Action Fluency achieved an overall hit rate of 76% and was more sensitive than Letter Fluency in classifying IADL dependent participants. Individuals with impaired Action Fluency performance had a fivefold risk of concurrent IADL dependence as compared to those who performed within normal limits. Findings suggest that Action Fluency may possess incremental ecological validity in the identification of HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders.
Funding: NIDA:DA DA12065, NIMH:MH MH59745, NIMH:MH MH62512
Keywords: Activities of Daily Living, Adult, Area Under Curve, Cognition, Comparative Study, Demography, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Predictive Value of Tests, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Verbal Behavior

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