Publication Abstract Display
Type: Published Manuscript
Title: Subjective memory complaints, mood, and memory deficits among HIV/AIDS patients in Hong Kong.
Authors: Au A, Cheng C, Chan I, Leung P, Li P, Heaton RK
Year: 2008
Publication: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume: 30 Issue: Pages: 338-348
Abstract:Diagnosis of HIV-associated neurobehavioral disorders often heavily relies upon patient complaints of cognitive difficulties. Yet, research in North America suggests that such complaints may be heavily influenced by affective factors. However, no work in this area has been done in China. The present study examined the relationships among depressed mood, anxiety, memory performance and subjective memory complaints among HIV/AIDS patients in Hong Kong. A total of 90 individuals with HIV were administered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Patient's Assessment of Own Functioning Inventory (PAOF), and Hong Kong List Learning Test. Forward regression analysis indicated that the BDI Cognitive-Affective score was the most significant predictor of subjective memory complaints on the PAOF. Furthermore, present results also supported previous findings that some individuals with HIV infection are more "accurate" than others in the self-appraisal of their memory ability. Given inaccuracies that exist in subjective memory complaints, these findings highlight the importance of comprehensive cognitive assessment when evaluating the neuropsychological status of individuals of HIV.

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